CBPP is characterized by the voluntary participation of individuals who contribute their skills, knowledge, and time to a shared project, without a central authority or hierarchy dictating the terms of their participation. Instead, CBPP relies on the principles of collaboration, openness, and decentralization, enabling a diverse range of individuals to contribute to a project without the need for monetary incentives or market-based exchange. Examples of CBPP include open-source software development, Wikipedia, and citizen journalism, which rely on distributed networks of individuals working collaboratively to create public goods.
In online communities, CBPP is often facilitated by platforms that enable individuals to share their knowledge and expertise, collaborate on shared projects, and build relationships with others who share their interests. For example, Wikipedia relies on a distributed network of editors who contribute their time and expertise to create and edit articles, while open-source software development relies on a network of programmers who collaborate on the development of software code. In these communities, individuals are motivated by a sense of shared ownership and collective responsibility, as they work together to create public goods that benefit a broader community.